pensation of occupational asthma in south african gold mines

pensation of occupational asthma in south african gold mines

Counting the Cost: Gold Mining and Occupational Disease in Contemporary South Africa

Abstract. Gold mining has been central to the success of South Africa's economy. That labour intensive industry has relied heavily on migrant workers for its profitability. In the past decade, scientists in Johannesburg and Cape Town have identified a pandemic of the serious occupational disease silicosis among gold miners.

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Silicosis at autopsy in platinum mine workers | Occupational

Studies in South Africa have focussed on the gold and asbestos mining industries and, to a lesser extent, the coal mining industry. Although it has been shown that platinum refinery workers have an increased risk of developing platinum salt sensitivity [ 8 , 9] associated with respiratory symptoms of asthma, rhinitis and urticaria and dermatitis, there is almost no published research on

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Counting the Cost: Gold Mining and Occupational Disease in

2009. 1. 22. · Abstract. Gold mining has been central to the success of South Africa's economy. That labour intensive industry has relied heavily on migrant workers for its profitability. In the past decade, scientists in Johannesburg and Cape Town have identified a pandemic of the serious occupational disease silicosis among gold miners.

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Occupational Asthma Reference: Variation in incidences of tuberculosis in subgroups of South African gold miners

Occupational Asthma Reference. Kleinschmidt I, Churchyard G, Variation in incidences of tuberculosis in subgroups of South African gold miners., Occup Environ Med, 1997;54:636-641, Keywords: epidemiology, incidence, tuberculosis, TB, gold miner, miner, mine, South Africa, Africa, silicosis, hiv Known Authors. If you would like to become a known

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The world's biggest gold mines: Top ten

1. South Deep gold mine - 32.8 million ounces (Moz). South Deep gold mine is the largest gold mine in the world, by reserves. Located 45km south-west of Johannesburg in the Witwatersrand Basin, South Africa, South Deep is also the seventh deepest mine in the world, with a mine depth up to 2,998m below the surface.. The managed mineral reserve at South Deep as of December stood at 32.8Moz.

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Counting the Cost: Gold mining and Occupational Disease in Contemporary South Africa

A History of Silicosis on the Witwatersrand Gold Mines, 1910-1946 (Rand Afrikaans University, PhD thesis, 1993). 8. See Francis Wilson, Labour in the South African Gold Mines 1911-1969 (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1972). 9. Rina King, 'Silicosis in South African gold mines: a study of risk of disease for black

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The prevalence of Asthma, globally and in South Africa - Cipla South Africa

Another alarming statistic from the Global Initiative for Asthma Report: worldwide, asthma causes 346 000 deaths per year. And when it comes to reported asthma deaths, South Africa is in fourth place, worldwide. Between six and 10 percent of adult South Africans have asthma, according to the South African Medical Journal (SAMJ).

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Mining Industry – National Institute for Occupational Health

The NIOH has the opportunity to assess the long term survival and measure sickness in nearly 2000 gold miners with known dates of HIV infection, by using data and records already routinely collected on South African mine workers. A similar project is conducted in the platinum mining industry.

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Mining Health and Safety in South Africa | The African

Otherwise known as The People’s Republic of South Africa, this resource-rich region is home to the deepest mines in the entire world. This 4.8 million (UN ) people strong country is a leading source of diamonds, gold, PGM, vanadium, coal, and precious metals such as platinum.

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Occupational health hazards in the Sukari Gold Mine, Egypt - ScienceDirect

Sukari gold mine is located in the south-easterly region of the Eastern Desert of Egypt, approximately 700 km from Cairo, 25 km from the Red Sea coast, and occupies an area of 160 km 2, as illustrated in Fig. 1 (Botros, 2004, Helmy et al., 2004).SGM began its output in with production ramping up towards 500 koz (10 3 Ounces) per annum by 2017.

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Occupational lung disease in the South African mining

Trapido et al63estimated the unpaid occupational lung disease compensation for gold miners to be 10 billion South African rands (US$1.4 billion; $1¼R7) in 1996, closer to 20 billion rands (US$2.9 billion) today.

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Health and safety - Minerals Council South Africa

The South African mining industry is committed to the principle of zero harm with the goal that every mineworker should return home unharmed every day. The Minerals Council, in conjunction with mining companies, aims to achieve world-class safety performance by working in close collaboration with tripartite partners in government and organised

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Mortality of Middle Aged White South African Gold Miners

Mortality of middle aged white South African gold miners 679 causes of death based on the best available informa tion in the MBOD files. The results of this com parison are reported in the appendix. Under the heading "chronic respiratory diseases"

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Hazards identified and the need for health risk assessment in the South African mining industry - W Utembe, EM

Although mining is a cornerstone of the South African economy (), it generates copious amounts of dust. 1 The dusts may be toxic since they may also be contaminated with various toxic metals.For this reason, the prevalence and severity of occupational diseases in the mining industry depends on the ores mined, the contaminants present and also on the levels and duration of exposure and

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PDF Excess lung function decline in gold miners following

particularly relevant to South Africa's gold mining industry, which employs over 150000 miners,8 with a reported TB incidence exceeding 4000 episodes per 100000 miners per year.9 Known TB risk factors among gold miners include silica dust exposure, silicosis10 11 and HIV infection.12 Studies in the past decade have recorded a prevalence of

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Indoor and outdoor PM 10 levels at schools located near mine

Jan 06, · Background Few studies in South Africa have investigated the exposure of asthmatic learners to indoor and outdoor air pollution at schools. This study compared outdoor PM10 and SO2 exposure levels in exposed (1–2 km from gold mine dumps) and unexposed schools (5 km or more from gold mine dumps). It also examined exposure of asthmatic children to indoor respirable dust at exposed and

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Hazards identified and the need for The Author(s) health risk

2019. 8. 26. · South Africa has set occupational exposure limits (OELs) for some hazards, obstructive airways disease and occupational asthma.2 Moreover, it has been found that human immunodeficiency dence of silicosis.10 In addition to silicosis in gold and platinum mines due to exposure to silica,11 there is coal workers’ pneumoconiosis

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Tackling injustices of occupational lung disease acquired in

Meanwhile, South Africa’s Occupational Diseases and Mines and Works Act of 1973 mandated compensation of miners who contracted occupational lung disease, in-cluding silicosis, tuberculosis, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, entitling ex-miners to biennial bene-fit medical examinations (BMEs). Although this compen-

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S African gold miners gun for mining firms | South Africa

Dec 26, · He says through the Occupational Diseases in Mines and Works Act (ODMWA), a former mine worker with lung function impairment of more than 40 percent can be paid “trivial” damages up to a

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The role of mining in the spread of TB in Africa: policy implications

2019. 2. 22. · the Occupational Diseases in Mines and Works Act in the Eastern Cape, South Africa. Johannesburg: Health Systems Trust and the South Africa Department of Health ( ). 9 Trapido A, Goode R, White NW. Cost of occupational lung disease in South African gold mining. Minerals Energy Raw Mater. Rep. 13(2), 26–33 (1998). Websites 101 World Health

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Occupational health hazards in mining:an overview

2019. 11. 14. · Occupational asthma has also been a problem in the pot rooms of aluminum smelters [103–105]. Coal dust and methane gas explosions in underground coal mines remain a serious risk requiring comprehensive monitoring and management [106]. Some underground coal mines also have problems with carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulphide gas.

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